‘Where do you get this idea of a ‘second coming’ from? Was it because Jesus did not succeed the first time that he’s got to have another go? It doesn’t say anything in the Bible about the Messiah coming twice.’ This was the response of a Jewish man I was speaking to when I said that there would be no peace in the world until Jesus comes back again.
Maybe he had been reading a book by Rabbi Kaplan, ‘The Real Messiah?’ which states: '
Actually the Jewish Bible (Tenach / Old Testament) does support the idea of the Messiah coming in two different ways. This is reflected in rabbinic writings which speak of Messiah ben (son of) Joseph who suffers and is humiliated as Joseph was at the hands of his brothers and Messiah ben David who reigns and is exalted as King David was. In his book ‘The Visions and Prophecies of Zechariah’ David Baron, an Orthodox Jew who came to believe that Jesus is the Messiah, wrote:
The prophecies in the Tenach concerning the Messiah and the end of days do appear to be saying contradictory things. For example the Prophet Isaiah alone presents the following difficulties. Chapter 2 speaks of Messiah reigning with power from Jerusalem, all nations going to hear the word of the Lord and as a result living in peace together. Chapter 53 speaks of Messiah being despised and rejected of men, having our iniquities laid on him, when he is cut off from the land of the living, executed with transgressors, buried and yet living to see the ‘travail of his soul.’ Chapter 11 speaks of the future condition on the earth associated with the end of days when the earth will be full of the knowledge of the Lord as the waters cover the sea, returning to conditions of paradise with even the animals being vegetarian and not devouring each other. Chapter 24 speaks of the future condition also associated with the end of days in which the earth is devastated, cities are destroyed and people scorched with few survivors.
A similar pattern can be found in other prophecies of the Messiah. In rabbinic writings we find another attempt to explain the apparent contradiction between verses which speak of the Messiah coming in glory or in humiliation:
In other words how the Messiah appears depends on the spiritual condition of the generation when he comes.
A better explanation of this contradiction is to recognise that these verses do not speak of two different Messiahs or of the condition of the people who are alive at the time of the Messiah, but of one Messiah who comes on two different occasions with two different purposes. This points to Jesus as the Messiah who has already come to fulfil the prophecy of the Suffering Servant (Isaiah 53) and who will come again to fulfil the prophecy of the Reigning King (Isaiah 2.1-4).
Far from failing when He came the first time, Jesus succeeded 100% in fulfilling the clear and specific prophecies of the Suffering Servant.
- He came by virgin birth (prophesied by Isaiah 7.14, fulfilled in Matthew 1.18-25)
- to be born in Bethlehem (prophesied by Micah 5.2, fulfilled in Matthew 2.1-12).
- He performed miracles (prophesied in Isaiah 61.1, fulfilled in Matthew 9.35)
- and taught in parables (prophesied in Psalm 78.2, fulfilled in Matthew 13.34).
- He was put to death by crucifixion (prophesied in Psalm 22.16 and 撒迦利亞書12.10, fulfilled in Luke 23.33),
- buried in a rich man’s tomb (prophesied in Isaiah 53.9 fulfilled in Matthew 27.57-60)
- and rising again from the dead (prophesied in Psalm 16.10-11, fulfilled in Luke 24.5-6).
- He would die as a sacrifice for the sins of the whole world (Isaiah 53.6, 1 Corinthians 15.3-5)
- and this message would be preached to people all over the world (Isaiah 45.22-23, 馬太福音28.18-20).
- His sacrificial death for the sins of the world would take place before the Second Temple was destroyed by the Romans in AD 70 (Daniel 9.26, Luke 19.41-44).
The prophecies which are unfulfilled now will be fulfilled at the second coming of Jesus as the New Testament makes clear. It is logical to believe that Jesus will succeed 100% in accomplishing all of the following events which will take place at His second coming.
This event will be preceded by a time of unparalleled trouble
The focal point of this time of trouble will be Jerusalem
The world will come under the power of the beast in the last days
All nations will be gathered for the final battle
Messiah will come in the clouds of heaven
Messiah will be visible as one who has been pierced
Messiah will come to the Mount of Olives
Messiah will come with the saints
The wicked will flee from the coming of the Lord
The Lord will establish righteousness and peace on the earth
Israel will be saved and blessed of the Lord in the midst of the nations
Following the Millennial reign of Messiah on earth, God will create new heavens and a new earth